This 18-month study explores opportunities for a more sustainable pathway to development in key orangutan habitats in Sumatra, and looks for reconciliation between forest and biodiversity conservation and economic progress. Orangutans and the Economics of Sustainable Forest Management in Sumatra focuses on two pilot sites — Tripa swamp and the mountain forests of Batang Toru — both of which host significant orangutan populations.
The assessment quantifies the economic trade-offs between unsustainable and sustainable forms of land use, and considers the role of reducing emissions from deforestation and degradation (REDD) and broader payment for ecosystem services (PES) schemes in achieving balanced conservation and development objectives.
The results of the study indicate that the move towards more sustainable forms of development based on a consideration of the full value of ecosystem services provided by forests and other ecosystems may not reduce the relative proportion of income opportunities for governments although an increase in economic opportunities for local communities is foreseeable. Improving human well-being and social equity, while significantly reducing environmental risks and ecological scarcities are central to shifting towards a Green Economy.
Orangutans and the Economics of Sustainable Forest Management in Sumatra (2011)
Collaborating Partners: GRASP, ICRAF, Yayasan Ekosistemi Lestari (YEL), PanEco