Tanzania is home to Eastern chimpanzees, which are found in lowland forests, along rivers and valleys, in the western areas of Kigoma and Rukwa, and along the banks of Lake Tanganyika and the Ugalla River. The most prominent areas are the Mahale mountains and Gombe Stream, where research on chimpanzees has been conducted since the 1960s. An estimated 75% of Tanzania’s chimpanzees live outside protected areas and are vulnerable to numerous threats, among which habitat loss – with population growth driving deforestation – and bushmeat hunting. Tanzanians do not traditionally eat chimpanzee meat, because local traditions forbid it, but refugees from DR Congo have beliefs and cultural traditions that promote the consumption of chimpanzees.
GREAT APES DISTRIBUTION IN TANZANIA
GREAT APE POPULATIONS
- Eastern chimpanzee: 2,500
- Human encroachment