Uganda is home to almost half of the world’s Mountain gorillas. Originally 1 population, forest conversion to farmland has separated the Mountain gorillas. One population is found in Mgahinga National Park as part of the transboundary Virunga ecosystem, which is shared with DR Congo and Rwanda. The other population is found in the Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site near the southwestern border with DR Congo. Eastern chimpanzees live in forests located in the western part of the country. Uganda’s apes face habitat loss, which is a huge threat especially to chimpanzees, and disease outbreaks, such as Ebola and Marburg. Although Ugandans traditionally do not eat great apes, refugees from DR Congo have introduced the tradition and a growing number of Ugandans now engage in the practice.
GREAT APES DISTRIBUTION IN UGANDA
GREAT APE POPULATIONS
- Eastern chimpanzee: 5,000
- Mountain gorilla: 430 (398-487)
- Human encroachment